The Court uses a two-part test to determine if the Privileges and Immunities Clause has been violated. The Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV, Section 2 of the Constitution states that "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. An amendment added to the U.S. Constitution in 1868 that contains the Due Process, Equal Protection, and Privileges and Immunities clauses. Slaughterhouse Cases, in American history, legal dispute that resulted in a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1873 limiting the protection of the privileges and immunities clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.. The Privileges and Immunities Clause prevents discrimination against people from out of state, but only with regard to basic rights. Although each state in the newly formed nation maintained its autonomy, citizens needed to be able to expect to have the same rights as the people who lived in each state. The first privileges and immunities clause is found in Article IV of the United States Constitution. The Supreme Court’s decision in this case will determine the power of states and municipalities to control the possession of handguns. "This clause protects fundamental rights of individual citizens and restrains state efforts to discriminate against out-of-state citizens. The Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV ensures that an out-of-state citizen enjoys the same privileges as a citizen of the state in which he happens to find himself. The Privileges and Immunities Clause of Article IV - CORE Reader. Privileges and Immunities: Concepts contained in the U.S. Constitution that place the citizens of each state on an equal basis with citizens of other states in respect to advantages resulting from citizenship in those states and citizenship in the United States. The Privileges and Immunities Clause of the U.S. Constitution seeks to ensure all people of the nation can travel freely throughout the states, without being treated in a discriminatory manner. The Slaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) Equal Protection Clause A clause which provides that a state cannot "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." The Dormant Commerce Clause is not the only Constitutional limit on a state’s ability to pass laws affecting out-of-staters. 36 (1873), was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision that held that the Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution only protects the legal rights that are associated with federal citizenship, not those that pertain to state citizenship.The decision consolidated two similar cases. Ilan Wurman on Twitter: "And that statute, as applied ... Privileges and immunities Clause by. Privileges and Immunities Clause | Case Brief for Law Students. 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