When Oduduwá saw the woman, he was immediately attracted to her and demanded to have her. It seems that is some parts of Yorubaland, Olokún is worshiped as a “mother” divinity. The dark Moon and Wednesdays are also her optimal times. Osayín is an indispensable orisha, for without his help, worship of the other orishas would not be possible. Catholic Syncretism: None Beads: White speckled with red beads It is believed that this is the orisha that watches over the cadaver when it is laid to rest. Beads: Red and white Taiwó is considered the youngest Ibejí and Kehindé is the older of the two. For inexplicable reasons, the Yoruba people have the highest incidence of twin births in the world. Santería was brought to Cuba by the people of the Yoruban nations of West Africa, who were enslaved in great numbers in the first decades of the 19th century. Her colors are white and blue. Ritual Numbers: 7 and 8. Catholic Syncretism: Saint Isidor Beads: Brown, with Opal and coral. Depending on the version, Aganjú is either Shangó’s father of Shangó’s younger brother who ruled as the 5th Alafín of Oyó. Beads: None She is the only Orisha that is able to placate Egúngún’s anger. God of volcanoes and deserts; father of Shango. She is the patron of all commercial transactions. Yewá, who noticed the gallant warrior, feels moved by his hypnotic gaze, and immediately fell madly and passionately in love with Shangó. Yemojá is his/her protector. The former is associated with the containment of contagious diseases as well, and especially with skin sores or lesions. As is the case with Naná Burukú, her sacrifices cannot be performed with a metal knife. The winds of Oya carry the pollen of different plants from one place to another. Muerte de África Valdivia, Omí Sayadé—Death of África Valdivia, Omí Sayadé, O Panteão Lukumi : Orixás cultuados pelos Lukumis—Português, The Lukumí Pantheon: Orishas Worshiped by the Lukumí—English, Ajude-nos a traduzir aqueles/Ayudenos a traducir artículos/Help us translate articles, A Concrete Vision: Oshogbo Arts in the 1960s, At The Crossroads-Afro-Cuban Orisha Arts in Miami, Vodoun—The Slave Religions in America and the Diaspora, Yoruba at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Phenomenal or grotesque in appearance, he is described as small in size, with only one eye, one hand, one foot, a tiny ear which enables him to hear an ant crawling miles away, and the other, larger than his head, through which he hears absolutely nothing. He has no direct initiations and no roads. Garments: White with red trimming He has no roads. She is a complex orisha and the only one that has power over the dead. Olorishas consider her a road of Yemojá that is related with Obatalá, and worship her separately from Yemojá. It is through Ayáo that Oyá obtained dominion over afefé, the wind. Selon Bascom, « un orisha est une personne qui vivait dans la Terre lorsque celle-ci fut créée et dont descendent les personnes d'aujourd'hui. Call Number. A good example of this is Oshumaré, the rainbow divinity, lost in Cuba after the death of the last priestess knowledgeable in its worship and rituals, during the mid twentieth century. In Cuba she is also considered the “mother” of the Ibejí, as she is the principal orisha in a pantheon that pays homage to birth-related phenomena. Taboos: None Oduduwá is the most respected and powerful Orisha in Lukumí practice. But then Shangó was born and Yemowó refused to castigate him in the same way that Orúnmilá had been. Made with a type of bead called “white hearts” because they are red on the outside and white on the inside Oshún: the orisha of sweet running water and fertility. Sacrifices: He-goats, turtles, and roosters. Taboos: Rams Obatala, the father of all the Orisha, would therefore be the Orisha ruler. Customized to your exact birth date and name, this personalized numerology report will shed light on your core numbers and life purpose. Garments: Burgundy ornamented with variegated colors and gold trimming There are two female orishas related with Babaluaiyé: Nanúme—his mother, and Naná Burukú—his wife (detailed ahead). Ritual implement: A garabato—a type of hook, usually made with the wood of the guava tree Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Sacrifices: he-goats, roosters, pigeons, and guinea hens The birth path number, which suggests your total course in life and place worldwide, is based on your complete birth date. His worship became so popular that it eclipsed the cult of the earlier thunder gods called Jakutá—hurler of stones; and Oramfé (Oranifé)—an Ilé Ifé deity. The 9 often appears to signify the ending, closure and release of the life span or phase of a project. Oduduwá is a somewhat controversial orisha. After his father’s death, he ascended to the throne. The orishas have likes and dislikes. In most Lukumí myths, Dadá is described as Shangó’s older sister and is credited with raising him. They’ll always reduce back to 9). As a result of the obscure state of his cult, his omó are ordained through Shangó. To many, Babaluaiyé is the Divine wrath of Olodumaré. The 9 often appears to signify the ending, closure and release of the life span or phase of a project. The orisha of smallpox, leprosy and all contagious diseases, and in general, the deification of disease. Those regional orishas that survived and retain some following are not worshipped as widely or as frequently, and knowledge about them is not as widespread throughout the island. Garments: Red, black, and white When offended, she will ignore the offender, acting as if nothing occurred. In Matanzas, Babaluaiyé’s omó are ordained directly into his worship, however this is not the case in Havana. Aganjú is the orisha of the desert and the volcano. Ibú Ayé is a very young Oshún. Once liberated, he is often uncontrollable. Sacrifices: White pigeons Ritual implement: Two bull or buffalo horns He is widely beloved and a beacon of strength and dignity. In Havana Shangó does not have roads, but Olorishas in Matanzas do identify roads for Shangó. Oyá accompanies every human being’s soul to the gates of orún. Dadá and Bayaní are especially linked to Shangó, through whom Dadá’s omó is ordained, though people with Dadá for their tutelary orisha are very few. Ayáo holds the secret of the winds and the whirlwinds that are her principal manifestation. Celebration: October 15 in Havana: February 2 in Matanzas Celebration: December 31 Taboos: None Like Obatalá, they all dress in immaculate white cloth, and their paraphernalia, offerings, sacrificial animals, and beads must also be white. Number: 9 Description: Olokun is the Orisha that rules the depths of the sea where light does not touch. According to most sources, the Yoruba worship and respect for Ogún is such that traditional priests, when testifying in court, instead of swearing with their hand placed on a bible as the Christians do, swear over a piece of iron. This orisha is a daughter of Yemojá and another messenger of Olokún and is found in the horizon, where the sea meets the sky. Ritual implement: Closed calabash Elegbá lives centered between the forces of good and the forces of evil. His aid is often sought in cases of infertility or impotence. In Cuba, Erinle’s devotees are initiated through Yemojá in a ceremony usually referred to as oro—Yemojá oro Erinle, and her cowries serve as the communicating medium for this orisha, for although he possesses his own cowries, Erinle does not “speak” through his dilogún. Taboos: None The Lukumí often associated him with the Bantú magico-religious practices known in the island as Regla de Congos or Palo Mayombe. During the latter six months of the year, Logún Edé lives with Oshún in the river, on a diet of sweet water fish and shrimp. Genealogically speaking, Shango is a royal ancestor of the Yoruba as he was the third Alaafin of the Oyo Kingdom prior to his posthumous deification. It is quite possible that throughout the voyage from Africa to the New World, the slaves, not knowing their whereabouts, pleaded with Yemojá for her aid. Shangó paid little attention to her. Jakutá and Shangó; Oduá and Oduduwá) these deified ancestors actually usurped the worship of older deities and conformed to the established worship system for the elder orisha. Aganjú is the orisha of the desert and the volcano. She is also associated with cancer and is believed to keep the disease from spreading. Sacrifices: Chickens and pigeons Oshún accepted the gift, lived for a period with Ogún, but eventually abandoned him for Shangó. As a result, many include a Congo vititi mensu, divinatory instrument prepared and employed by the Bantú priests. Ever since, Naná’s sacrifices are performed with a sharp bamboo or wooden knife. The latter is believed to afford reasoning and judiciousness, as well as spiritual and physical stability. Yellow and green, in groups of four Yemojá is present in every body of water. Taboos: None He also shares them with the other orishas. He is one of the orishas that is related with the development and care of the human embryo. He has a direct relationship with many orishas. They are closely tied into the worship of Oduduwá, Olokún, Erinle, and Yewá. There are no initiations into this cult. However, all evidence points to the fact that originally Olokún was conceived of as a masculine divinity. Sacrifices: White roosters Her number is nine which recalls her title of Yansá or "Mother of Nine" in which she rules over the egun or dead. Obá Moró, juxtaposed with Jesus of Nazareth, uses a crown made out of thorns and silver replicas of Christ’s Passion. Prayer for Obatala: Obatalá obá layé ela iwo alara aché Oyá. This is the only orisha that could manipulate Shangó into anything. Sacrifices: Young chickens and pigeons This is a simple ritual to invoke the Goddess Oya, if you are moving through a portal of change, and need an extra boost to get you to the other side then give this a try! Ritual Numbers: 7. Some of her roads are Ibú Ikolé—the sorceress, related with the vulture; Ibú Apará (Aparó; Akuaró)—wife of Erinle who abandoned the throne to elope with Shangó, losing all her riches; Ibú Oló Lodí—wife of Orúnmilá who is as great a diviner as he; Ibú Iyumú—mother and eldest of all the Oshún, lives at the bottom of the river; Ibú Dokó— patron of the sexual act, wife of Orishaokó. Orishaokó is the orisha of agriculture and of the harvest: the tiller of the land. Catholic Syncretism: Our Lady of Regla Lorsque ces orishas disparurent ou « devinrent pierres », leurs enfants commencèrent à leur faire des sacrifices et à procéder à toutes les cérémonies qu'eux-mêmes avaient effectuées lorsqu'ils étaient dans la Terre » [ 3 ] . One day, while visiting Oduduwá’s palace, Shangó passed under Yewá’s window and, amazed by her beauty, figuratively violates her with his glare. Let’s just see how faithful Yewá truly is to her vows!” Shangó set out to conquer Yewá. Naná Burukú refused to pay the homage that Ogún had requested in payment for having paved the orisha’s way from orún to earth, which Ogún was now demanding. Ritual numbers: 7, 17. Ajáguna—the war-loving and powerful warrior who many consider the Shangó of the Obatalá; the frail Yekú Yekú—blind and hunchbacked, who represents the wonders of old age and the wisdom that accompanies it; Alagéma—the chameleon who tested the solid earth to ensure that it was firm enough for human settlement; and Oshaogiyán—the mature, level headed road of Obatalá that knows the suffering caused by war and attempts to console humanity with maturity and understanding. The traditional healer-orisha who dwells in the forest. Attribute: A lyre In Yorubaland, she is worshipped at the lagoons in Lagos that precede the Atlantic coast. Agaya . In extreme cases, sacrifices may be offered to Oké on a mountaintop as well. The system’s origin, according to some priests, is not entirely Yoruba. Ritual implement: None Garments: Ainá’s eré is dressed entirely in red God of agriculture and harvest. Ritual Numbers: 4, 7, and 8. Beads: Coral, jet beads, and gold; turquoise blue, with coral, yellow, and opal. GET FIRST DIBS ON ALL THINGS ASTRO-NUMERO BEFORE THEY HAPPEN, Universal Month #8 Your Personal Numeroscope, March 2021 Numerology Forecast: The 3-step Process To Prepare Yourself For Miracles in the Next 31 Days. There has not been another ordination since. Inexplicably, Oshumaré—like the rainbow—has reappeared in Cuba in the 1990s through the ¡magnificent! Ritual Numbers: 7, 21. He is believed to have over one hundred twenty four roads. The following description of the Lukumí orishas, takes into account the characteristics, roles and attributes of each orishas from both a Yoruba and a Lukumí perspective. Recently it has become one of the orishas sold in the “diplo-santería” market. Ainá’s devotees, those children born wrapped in the umbilical chord, are ordained to Shangó. Taboos: Palm kernel oil, it is forbidden to whistle in the home where Elegbá lives At one point, Oduduwá made her promise that she would never marry, vowing to remain virgin and pure (in body and thought) for all eternity. It is simple to determine. Garments: White with silver trimming He is considered to be one of the most powerful rulers that Yorubaland … Now speak to Oya again, telling her in detail about your intentions for change in your life, saying out loud something like this: Take the 9 coins, kiss each one in gratitude, take them outside and bury them in the ground or the soil of a potted plant. His main domain is the desert. Beads: Amber or honey colored beads, with yellow, green, red, with coral She was born in Ira. Catholic Syncretism: Saint Kathleen of Sienna Celebration: July 20 Celebration: In Cuba she is exalted as a “discoverer” since she is renowned for making evident illnesses that may be concealed within the human body which modern medicine cannot find. Still, Ibejí is also a cult to twin births, where tribute is paid to the mother and the children, and especially in the case where one or both twins died on or after birth. Syncretized Catholic Saint: Our Lady of Candlemas or Saint Theresa Many priests consider Erinle to be the doctor and Abatán a species of “nurse” or aid. Others tend to be very human: hot‑headed, whimsical, or erratic at times, while gentle, rational, caring, and generous at others. If, on the contrary, one behaves unduly, he opens the path for the evil forces such as ofo, ikú, arún, eyó (loss, death, disease, tragedy) amongst others and due punishment is rendered. Ritual implement: Brass bell; a fan ornamented with peacock feathers Rooted in the Yoruba, she stands at the very centre of the storm. She is the queen of climate and of change, both inside and out: She’s the Goddess to call upon to invoke the deep and robust transformation that can be elusive when you’re going it alone. All children born immediately following the birth of twins are sacred to Idowú and must be initiated into the worship of Oshún. What changes are you seeking in your life? Ritual implement: Crown made with a calabash, studded with beads and cowries In Cuba, Abatán is received and propitiated together with Erinle and has no direct cult of her own. A patakí of the Odu Odí Otura narrates the myth of Logún Edé’s mysterious origins, and erroneously describes him as a homosexual. He must not live close to Oyá’s attributes Docuficción sobre la religión afrocubana. Taboos: None He is a brute but regenerative force deified as an orisha. 10501 W Gowan Rd, Ste 260 Las Vegas, NV 89129. Taboos: None An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. Her loud laugh and cheerful character is but a disguise to hide her pain. Yemaya is the orisha of lakes and seas and the patron of women and of motherhood. He usually wanders alone through the forests. Aganjú has no roads. Merely build up the digits of your birth information, and keep “lowering” (described by means of the example here) to a single digit. Ainá is the patron orisha of children born with the umbilical chord wrapped around their neck. When the Yorubas migrated to their present home, after migrating for years through the desert, Aganjú’s worship waned. Garments: He has no specific colors She is the roaring sound that precedes the tidal wave. Catholic Syncretism: Saint Barbara He is described as a phenomenal creature that has the head and tail of a dog and the body of a human being, standing erect on his only leg. Boromú and Borosiá are two Egbado orishas and for part of the orisha fúnfún or white deities associated with Obatalá. Celebration: September 8 Take the pen and paper and write down what you want to change. With few exceptions, they all observe a palm oil, liquor and salt taboo as well. Irokó is the orisha of abundance and prosperity. Catholic Syncretism: The Immaculate Conception Past scholars and Olorishas have argued that it originated in Egypt or the desert areas. They will never be shared. Ritual Numbers: 4, 7, and 8, Catholic syncretism: None She embodies it. She is an archetypal Goddess known throughout Africa for her fierce passion and elemental nature. Yemojá, worshipped principally in the Ogún River, becomes the “owner” of the seas. This partial survival also rationalizes the discrepancies and the wide divergence of sometimes-conflictive information devotees offer about the aspects and worship patterns of these divinities. Otín is an orisha that is related with both Erinle and Yemojá. He was Obatalá’s favorite hunter and rendered all the fruits of his labor to the creation divinity. Original de Elio Revé y su Charangón, Orishas más cubano que nunca nos muestra su interpretación rap-salsera de Ritual implement: None He gathers the sunken treasures and souls of the drowned and rules from the depths. They invoked Oshosi so he would impede their being found since Oshosi is known to have the ability of going into the densest of forests and finding his way out without the slightest difficulty. Beads: 1. Her omó are currently ordained through Oshún. Ritual Numbers: 6. Oko. Oké is worshipped in conjunction with Obatalá and has neither omó nor roads. She is offered eggplant and her sacred number is 9 #lucumi #orisha #oya Sacrifices: He or she-goat, or castrated goats, roosters, hens, pigeons, and guinea hens Celebration: September 12 She specializes in reading, and guiding others through the energetic patterns and rhythms that spiral through our worlds. Much of the knowledge related with the orisha was eventually lost. It is believed that Aroní instructs his disciples in all the mysteries of the forest. Although most agree that she was his concubine, others place her as a female aspect or complement of Obatalá. 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